The Relationship of Team Cultural Intelligence, Language Proficiency, Team Trust, Transformational Leadership and Team Creativity in Global Virtual Teams
Over the last two years, we have intensively experienced the current virtual work situation which has already lasted longer and resulted in even more global teams working virtually today than before the pandemic. For global virtual teams (GVTs), there is limited knowledge about the use of the common language, team trust and leadership style of the leader. In this quantitative study, we aim to explore the relationship between team cultural intelligence, team trust, language proficiency and transformational leadership with team creativity. Also, we investigate the interaction effect of language proficiency, team trust and transformational leadership on the relationship between team cultural intelligence and team creativity in global virtual teams. To that end, a study of 179 employees of 42 GVTs in different countries was conducted. The SPSS was employed to process the data in terms of descriptive statistics (percentages) and inferential statistics (multiple regression analysis, T-test, ANOVA). The results reveal that team cultural intelligence, team trust and transformational leadership have a positive influence on the team creativity of global virtual teams. Additionally, team trust is a positive moderator of the relationship between team cultural intelligence and team creativity. The results also show that language proficiency does not engage team creativity. Language proficiency and transformational leadership are not moderators in the relationship between team cultural intelligence and team creativity. All in all, these findings initiate and offer important scientific and managerial implications for the corporate management and future research.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen