Factors affecting the adoption of sustainable process technologies: The manufacturing industries in the German context

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To reach the SDG goals 12 and 13, formulated by the United Nations in 2012, especially companies of the manufacturing industries are requested to increase the sustainability of their production processes. Previous studies have assessed the factors that lead towards the adoption of sustainable process technologies with which this is achieved, from different perspectives. In a triangulation process consisting of a literature review comparison and a mixed-methods analysis, including an interview-based qualitative and a survey-based quantitative analysis, the influence of six of these factors is evaluated. The results show that state regulation is an important factor that pushes companies to adopt these technologies. Furthermore, Financial and Technological capabilities work as necessary conditions that have to be met before an adoption can take place. Additionally, the size of a firm functions as a pre-condition that in the end also yields positive influences in that matter. Contrary, Financial costs, meaning a disadvantageous cost-benefit ratio, shows a negative influence and furthermore an interaction with the regulation factor. This means that where the adoption of sustainable process technologies is economically not reasonable, regulation pressures become more important. Besides the findings, theoretical implications and practical recommendations are provided.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen