Señoritas dancing in the Spanish sun. Nineteenth-century artworks as stimulus for tourism
This thesis is about the role of visual representation in the creation of an image of Spain as a desirable place for foreigners to visit in the nineteenth century. Despite Spain's popularity as tourist destination nowadays, for a long time the country had a negative reputation which made it unattractive to travellers. From the end of the eighteenth century onwards perceptions of Spain changed; the country acquired ‘new’ identities and was discovered as a tourist destination. Art played an important part in this re-imaging. A comparative analysis of representations of traditional folkloric dancing scenes, created by both Spanish and non-Spanish artists, shows that both groups of artists contributed to the imaging of Spain as an attractive, exotic travel destination. However, in the representations of Spanish artists there are more convincing contra-stereotypes which point to a more authentic manner of representation.
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