Private security in the public domain

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Security has always been one of the top agenda items around the globe. However, over time, the focus on national security shifted. Instead of confrontations between international superpowers, the contemporary focus is found in a threat coming from non-state actors. Most threats to security these days emerge from international terrorism, religious extremism, radicalism and state collapse in northern-Africa and the middle-East (Bilandzic, 2014). The rise of these new security risks makes that national and local governments sometimes are overburdened with tasks to fulfil. This raises the attention for possibilities regarding cooperation between public and private security actors. In fact, a worldwide trend is already noticeable. In many counties worldwide, tasks which traditionally were undertaken by public law enforcement agencies are increasingly outsourced to private companies (Richards & Smith, 2007). However, in a national, as well as in an international context these developments face some challenges. Where nationally, the debate is focused on the acceptance of private security involvement in the public domain, internationally the debate is mainly aimed at the lack of European regulations considering private security services are part of the free movement of services. Therefore, the overall objective of the thesis is focused on explaining the diversity in private security service provision between countries in Europe.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen