Globalization and Child Labor
This thesis studies the relationship between globalization and child labor rates. Findings of this study reveal that there is a U-shape relationship between trade openness and the total child labor rate. In addition, there is also a U-shape relationship between GDP per capita and the total child labor rate. The inflection point of this U shape is around $10,110. More specifically, if a country’s GDP per capita is below $10,110, the total child labor rate decreases with an increase in GDP per capita. Whereas, if a country’s GDP per capita is above $10,110, the total child labor rate increases with economic growth. Moreover, when GDP per capita is added as an independent variable, FDI has no influence on the total child labor rate. This thesis also analyses the effect of globalization on the child labor rates by different genders, findings of which exhibit a U- shaped result between trade openness and male/female child labor rates, and also demonstrate a U shaped relationship between GDP per capita and male/female child labor rates. However, the effect of the process of globalization on child labor rate does not differ between boys and girls.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen