Canadian Inuit well being: between multidimensional holism and practical realities. The impact of socio-economic and environmental factors on the well being of Inuit Nunavummiut

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The understanding of well being when applied to Inuit Nunavummiut takes on a more complex application than a purely artificial one: becoming interconnected to the recognition of past atrocities as well as to current plans to adequately address social issues such as high unemployment, high school dropout and high suicide rates (Kral, 2012). Well being is therefore more than individual and becomes collective: political agency, as opposed to during the Cold War, cultural revival with a recognition of their social practices, and economic strengthening of communities (Tester and McNicoll, 2004; Kral, 2011). Inuit Nunavummiut well being is multifaceted: the environmental background, quintessential to Inuit culture, of their political revendications is also apparent in the cultural revival process. Economic, political and social well being are therefore interconnected. The impacts of the socio-economic factors onto Inuit Nunavummiut well being, as well as the impacts of environmental factors, are deeply linked to the ongoing effects of historical trauma. Aiding youth towards a healthy mental and physical well being takes a structural change in the current living conditions in Nunavut, and also a deep structural change towards reconciliation with the federal government and Canadian society at large, tackling larger issues such as systemic bias and racism.
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